How much do you really know about the first settlements in the Truckee Meadows and the Carson Valley? Have you heard about the mysterious cache of letters — written by early Reno pioneers in the 1860s to relatives in Rhode Island — found hidden behind a wall in Cleveland, Ohio, in the 1980s? Do you know why ranches were so important during the Comstock mining boom, and how they managed to survive after the mines closed down? Can you identify the farm implements found at Bartley Ranch Regional Park and how they were used? Do you know what the prehistoric ancestor of our modern cattle was called, and where it lived? Finally, how did all those Spanish cows and horses get across the Atlantic Ocean to the New World? If you can't answer any of these questions, you need to come to Holly's presentation and learn about the ranching history of the Carson Valley and the Truckee Meadows. Holly Walton-Buchanan's family has been involved in ranching for over 100 years. She was an educator in the Washoe County School District and the Nevada Department of Education, is a long-time historic preservationist, and the author of four books about Reno’s history.